- 1 Words 20000
-gred: to go/step/degree/walk
- 2.1 access (ac|cess ækses)
- 2.2 process (pro|cess ˈprɑːses)
- 2.3 procession (pro|ces|sion prəseʃən)
- 2.4 proceed (pro|ceed proʊˈsiːd)
- 2.5 precede (pre|cede prɪsiːd )
- 2.6 exceed (ex|ceed ɪkˈsiːd)
- 2.7 recede (re|cede rɪˈsiːd)
- 2.8 procedure
- 2.9 cease(ceas|e [cess] siːs)
- 2.10 progress
- 2.11 aggress
- 2.12 graduate
- 2.13 gradation
- 2.14 gradient
- 2.15 ingredient
1 Words 20000
This is a detailed explained and exampled notes taken during conquering 20000 English words, by learning from “Online Etymology Dictionary | Origin, history and meaning of English words”, also, here is a none licensed but perfect free “Online Course from bilibili.com”.
To conquer a word, or 20000 words, not only just read or remember but:
- Do get meanings by examples within different context;
- Do understand origins and meanings by etymology;
- Do use the word in practical express;
- Do teach the word to someone else;
-gred: to go/step/degree/walk
2.1 access (ac|cess ækses)
n.way of enter a place/building, the opportunity or right to
- I lived deep in the country, without easy access to shops.
- Men and women should have equal access to education and employment.
- Random access memory. [RAM]
- Users can access their voice mail remotely.
- You’ll need a password to access the database.
2.1.2 accessory(ac|ces|so|ry ək’sɛsəri)
n.extra items of sth, bathroom, car, fashion accessories
- fashion accessories such as scarves, handkerchiefs, bracelets, and rings
n.person who helps in crime esp. protect from police
- an accessory to murder.
- If you were lying to the police, then you have been an accessory after the fact for all these years.
adj.not the most important part, accessory features.
2.2 process (pro|cess ˈprɑːses)
n.actions in order process of, gradual natural process of, historical process, legal process
- A legal process for dealing with defrauders[fraud, cheat].
- The due[appropriate, proper] process of law.
- A stalemate[impasse, deadlock] in the peace process.
- I solved the problem by a process of elimination [remove, try except][=by considering and rejecting each possible choice until only one was left].
v.to process sth, material, food, application, picture[print], to move in a procession
- Highly processed coffee beans.
- The food processing industry.
- Central processing unit.(CPU)
- Food processor, US tuna processor
2.3 procession (pro|ces|sion prəseʃən)
- line of… SYN: parade
- They marched in procession to the Capitol building [the building in Washington DC where the US Congress meets, 国会大厦].
- one after another…
- an endless procession of visitors.
2.4 proceed (pro|ceed proʊˈsiːd)
v.proceed with sth, to continue being done.
- After the interruption, she proceeded with her presentation.
v.proceed to do sth, carry on an action, process, or movement.[SYN: go on]
- He outlined his plans and then proceeded to explain them in more detail.
- That ash includes light particles that strong winds proceed to carry over much of the country
- ADV/PREP. proceed to/towards/into etc, proceed against sb., proceed from/to sth.
- Passengers for Miami should proceed to gate 25.
- Ideas that proceed from a disturbed state of mind.
n.proceeding against sb.(for sth.), legal action.
- to bring legal proceedings against sb.
- bankruptcy/divorce/extradition, etc. proceedings.
n.an event or a series of actions
- She started the proceedings with a brief welcoming speech.
n.the official written report of a meeting, etc.
- The proceedings of the conference will be published.
2.5 precede (pre|cede prɪsiːd )
v.to go/happen before sth/sb.
- She preceded her speech with a vote of thanks to the committee.
- Minutes before 10:30 p.m. in China, the stadium pulsed with the emotions that always precede a 100-meter final.
- The print media ape the manners of television, and on television form precedes content, emotion replaces thought, legend substitutes for history, fiction dictates to fact.
v.to go in front of sb
n.A precedent is sth that precedes or comes before, sth done or said that may be an example or rule to guide later acts of a similar kind.
- The Supreme Court relies on precedents.
- When hostages are being held for ransom[redeem, redemption], a government may worry about setting a bad precedent if it gives in.
- A company might “break with precedent” by naming a foreigner as its president for the first time.
2.5.2 precedence [priority], give precedence to…
n.precedence (over sb/sth)
- Your safety takes precedence.
- Do we want a society where appearance takes precedence over skill or virtue?
- Americans, Adams now believed, were as driven by the passions for wealth and precedence as any people in history. Ambition, avarice, and resentment, not virtue and benevolence, were the stuff of American society.
2.6 exceed (ex|ceed ɪkˈsiːd)
v.a. more than, b. go beyond
- The demand for new housing has already exceeded the supply.
- He was fined for exceeding the speed limit.
2.6.2 excess (ex|cess
adj. ˈekses )
n.a. more than is necessary, b. exceed amount, c. socially or morally unacceptable
- It was an excess of enthusiasm that caused the problem.
- The car reached speeds in excess of 100 miles per hour.
- The movie embraces all the worst excesses of popular American culture.
- The worst excesses committed by the occupying army.
n.additional and not needed
- Excess baggage/luggage [which weight more than limit].
- She is trying to eliminate excess fat and calories from her diet.
- an excessive display of wealth.
- High fever, nausea, and excessive sweating are some of the symptoms.
2.6.3 exceedingly (ex|ceed|ing|ly ɪksiːdɪŋli)
adv.very, extremely exceptionally extraordinarily bloody bally
- You’ve been exceedingly kind.
- An exceedingly fine job
2.7 recede (re|cede rɪˈsiːd)
v.a. move back/away, withdraw, b. grow less/smaller
- He was in his mid-forties, with a receding hairline.
- a receding deficit
“back to the original place, again” also with a sense of “undoing”
2.7.2 recess (re|cess ˈriːses)
2.7.3 recession (re|cess|ion rɪˈseʃn)
n.temporary decline in economic activity The 2020 recession is expected to be the worst recession since the Great Depression. As of April 2020, it was already worse than the 2008 recession in its initial ferocity.
n.the act of ceding back to a former possessor